Due to climate change with seasonal changes of rainfall pattern, Africa has seen a worsening clean drinking water crisis.
Five of the water stressed countries in the world are found in Africa and the worst hit region include the Sahel region and Southern Africa.
Rainfall has dropped to 20 % of the annual required waterfall hence; most rivers are beginning to dry up, as they are the single source of most clean drinkable water.
On average Africans, require around 150l of water per person per day for domestic and consumption purposes.
Also Read: UNESCO Job Vacancies
Most water stressed countries in Africa now have a water deficit of less than 30l per person per day as the water crisis deepens in Africa.
The water crisis has led to famine and conflicts in countries like Ethiopia and Somalia.
Due to the worsening water crisis in Africa most entrepreneurs have responded to the need by coming up with the following water solutions which include;
- Introducing advanced technology in borehole drilling of water to reach to the available water table with mobile trucks.
- Drinking of recycled sewage water by using Treated sewage Effluent technology.
- Use of roof top harvesting of water for safe drinking.
- Some companies have begun reverse osmosis where seawater is removed salt and water is used for drinking.
- Most companies have begun water delivery to household storage tanks using trucks and Lorries.
- Other companies have resorted to cloud seeding using cheap drone and small aircraft, which they later harvest the rainfall in artificial lakes and dams for later reselling to farmers and households.
- Most companies are using the latest drip technology, which they use for irrigation in huge plots of land.
- Some companies have opened water-bottled packaging warehouses which they re-sale clean drinkable water to local retails, supermarkets and wholesalers.
- Most Agro-based companies are selling Agro crops that require less water.
Written By : Arnold Mutamiri