Germany industry has a shortage of skilled workers: hundreds of thousands of jobs are vacant. That is why the Skilled Immigration Act expanded the opportunities for workers from non-EU countries to come to Germany in 2020. The clear message here is: skilled workers are welcome to stay.
Germany is a popular destination for immigration and the country prioritizes an active policy of integration. Germany provides shelter for refugees and is active around the world to combat the causes of people becoming refugees.
Germany is a popular destination for immigrants. Migrants make an important contribution to its social and economic development.
The Federal Republic of Germany lies in the heart of Europe and is a cosmopolitan, democratic country with a great tradition and a lively present. Germany is a federation. The federation and the 16 Länder (states) each have areas of responsibility of their own.
The German national anthem consists only of the third stanza of the Deutschlandlied by August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1841). The melody was written by Joseph Haydn in 1796-97.
Germany is a cosmopolitan country shaped by a pluralism of lifestyles.
Germany Government is committed to addressing the factors that cause people to become refugees and to reducing irregular migration. It is also driving forward the development and management of migration processes.
This work includes repatriating those people who have no prospects of staying in Germany, promoting reintegration into countries of origin, and supporting transit countries and host countries. As part of increased efforts to shape the future of migration, Germany is also seeking partnership agreements with countries of origin. In addition the Federal Government is campaigning for fundamental reform of the EU asylum system with the aim of achieving fair distribution and even-handed standards in asylum processes.
Who is considered a skilled worker or professional?
They are not only graduates with university degrees that are recognised in Germany, but also workers with vocational qualifications recognised in Germany.
What did the law change?
- If you do not yet have a contract of employment, but have a recognised vocational qualification, you can now obtain a residence permit for six months to find a job. During this period job seekers can work for up to ten hours a week on trial or complete a practical internship. The normal precondition for this is sufficient knowledge of German for the desired position – as a rule, to B1 standard.
- Previously the Federal Employment Agency first had to check whether there were suitable applicants available from Germany or the EU before a business was allowed to employ a skilled worker from another country. This “priority check” was dropped when the Skilled Immigration Act came into force.
- The search for a university place or apprenticeship: graduates of German schools abroad are now not only allowed to come to Germany to study, but also to look for a university place or apprenticeship.
- The immigration of skilled workers from non-EU countries is no longer restricted to specified “shortage occupations”.
In which occupations are there shortages of skilled workers?
Well trained employees are required in almost all sectors. There is high demand, for example, for doctors and nurses, IT specialists, engineers and, in the wake of the expansion of renewable energies, also for specialists in the fields of heating engineering and heating technology. Since the beginning of the Covid – 19 firms have been seeking personnel not only in the hotel and restaurant sector but also in the logistics industry.
Which further measures are likely to be implemented in future against shortages in skilled personnel?
Among other things, the Federal Government aims to further modernize the Immigration Act as part of a new Skilled Labour Strategy. There are plans, for example, to facilitate the recognition of professional qualifications. Vocational education and further training are further pillars of the strategy.